Hazards Data Sheet for the Occupation of Pet Grooming Practitioner
This Information is provided by:  L. Richard & P. C Neely - GROOMOLOGIST® of GROOMOLOGY®
Owners Of :
Where the Art, Science, Health, & Safety of Animal Pet Grooming Care Is A Professional Practice & Study.
516 Harwell Street, Burkburnett, Texas 76354   1 940 569-2238
& Owners of:
Registered Trademarks - aka - Service Marks
This data sheet primarily addresses the health and safety - hazards for professional animal pet grooming practitioners
providing for the grooming needs & hygiene care of the family pet. 
What is a Hazard Datasheet for an Occupation?
This datasheet is one of the first hazards data sheets composed specifically for the occupation of: "Pet Grooming Practitioners" and is provided by Yuppie Puppy Studios, GROOMOLOGIST®.
Its' intent is to inform those concerned with the health and safety risks and hazards present in pet grooming field that may affect pet grooming practitioners, employees and pets.
This occupational knowledge is being made available to Physicians, Nurses,  Health Departments Personnel,  Animal Control Agencies, Occupational Hygienists, Zoning and Ordinance Enforcement Inspectors, Safety Engineers, Education and Information Specialists, Employers’ Representatives, Workers' Representatives, grooming product and equipment Manufactures and other competent persons.
This datasheet, lists different hazards to which Pet Grooming Practitioners, employees and pet owners pets may be exposed to in the pet grooming facility and occupation. This datasheet is a source of information rather than advice. With the knowledge of what causes injuries and diseases, it is easier to design and implement suitable measures toward prevention.
This datasheet consists of four areas:
Area 1: Information on the most relevant hazards related to the occupation of Pet Grooming.
Area 2: A more detailed and systematized presentation on these different hazards related to job tasks with indicators for preventive measures
Area 3: Suggestions for preventive measures for selected hazards.
Area 4: Specialized information, relevant primarily to occupational safety and health professionals and including  information such as a brief job description, a list of tasks, notes and references.
What is a Pet Grooming Practitioner?
A person in business or employed to attend to the grooming health, hygiene and grooming enhancement needs of a pet owners pet animals. Here after we are limiting the definition of pet and animals to mean: Domestic Pet Dog.
A trained, skilled and talented pet grooming practitioner conducts a wide range of grooming tasks in order to keep the  dog clean, clipped/trimmed in a comfortable and a practical groom for the purpose for which the dog is being kept by pet owners; "practical groom" includes but is not limited to breed enhancements groomed to the AKC breed image standards.
Often pet dogs grooming (breed image standards) are modified to meet the dog owners needs, such as: a dog assistant for the physically challenged human (ex. guide dogs for the blind, etc.), a work service dog (ex. ranch/cattle dogs, search and rescue dogs, drug and bomb dogs etc.) or just as a companion for the dog owners enjoyment and comfort. Besides attending to the dogs grooming enhancement and overall grooming health and hygiene needs; a Pet Grooming Practitioners take care of the pet grooming facility and may do various related business duties.
Groomer; Pet groomer; Dog groomer; Pet stylist; Pet Barber; Canine Cosmetologist; Certified Master Groomer,also included within the occupational field of pet grooming practitioners that handle pets grooming and hygiene need are supportive workers, Assistants, helpers, bathers and brushers.
What are some Risks related to this job?
Pet Grooming Practitioners (PGP) may:

Suffer from traumas (bites, scratches, bruising etc.) caused by excited or temperamental or difficult dogs.
Be exposed to animal zoononic and parasite diseases
Contract other infections from dogs
Work with large or overweight dogs that present physical handling challenges
Suffer strains and injuries to muscles, tendons and joints, especially to back, arms and hands due to heavy lifting, repetitive hand movements, awkward body posturing and positioning.
Be exposed to chemicals, disinfectants, cleaning sanitizers, pesticides, herbicides, and medicated shampoo products that may become hazardous to health by means of daily absorptions, inhalation or ingestion exposures.
Suffer cuts from sharp grooming tools and skin irritations from shampoos and burns from chemical products.
Exposure to human blood borne infectious diseases passed via a contaminated toenail scratch resulting from a previously scratched infected person. (An accidental animals toenail scratch, and another scratch immediately shared from one person to another may present same or similar risk as a contaminated needle stick.)
Work with unpleasant smelling animals in noisy environments.
Hazards and Dangers related to this job?
Bites, scratches, bruises
· Slips, trips and falls (caused by leashed large dogs, free roaming small dogs and wet floors, etc.)
· Struck by head swings from large dogs during handling
· Electric shocks caused by defective or incorrectly operated or improperly grounded electrical equipment.
· Cuts and puncture wounds caused by sharp grooming tools
· Infections and diseases caused by animal parasites
· Burns from equipment, tools, and chemicals (e.g. clipper blades, heat dryers including the repetitive and constant use of chemicals & shampoos)
· Exposure to excessive noise, heat stress and hand vibrations during use of animal clipping (animal clippers) and other grooming equipment.
· Cold or heat stress (resulting in effects ranging from temperature discomfort due to frostbite or heat stroke, respectively) and exposure to frequent abrupt temperature changes (when entering or leaving climate-conditioned grooming rooms such as mobile grooming vehicles)
· Health problems due to specific work conditions existing in some grooming facility environments affected by high humidity - molds, wind H. V. dryers - skin chapping, and concrete floors, etc.
· Toxicity or poisoning due to contact with chemicals, such as pesticides (esp. insecticides, germicides, and herbicides), facility cleaning solvents and sanitizers and detergents, etc.
· Dermatitis due to contact with chemicals, such as pesticides, cleaning solvents, detergents, deodorants, scented shampoos, animal medications, etc.
· Allergies due to contact with animal hair dander and other allergenic substances
· Inhalation of air particles (Animal hair & dander) and product vapors that may cause membrane irritation, skin irritation, asthma and potentially sino-nasal carcinoma
· Health hazards caused by contaminated work environments and by unprotected contact exposure to animal fluids and waste. (esp. animal exercise nature release areas)
· Systemic and gastrointestinal effects caused by exposure to cytotoxic agents (esp. Lab & Clinic animal handlers)
· Exposure to various carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic agents (esp. in Lab & Clinic animal handlers)
· Use of latex gloves while handling animals may cause latex sensitization leading to dermatitis, asthma or anaphylaxis
· Infection and illness due to contact with parasite pathogens -carried by animals, or from exposure to airborne pathogens, resulting in development of communicable diseases (zoonosis)
·Tuberculosis - Although the true risk for TB transmission from humans to dogs, and vice versa, is not known, pet owners, physicians, veterinarians, and pet groomers should be aware of this potential. While standard tests, such as culture for M. tuberculosis, may be helpful in understanding the dynamics of TB between humans and other animals, genotyping has become the standard for confirming the association.
· Pulmonary dysfunctions in animal confinement workers caused by various etiologic agents, including hydrogen sulfide toxicity, bronchitis, non-allergic asthma, organic-dust toxic syndrome, mucus membrane irritation, and by bioaerosols and endotoxins
· Dust and endotoxin-related respiratory effects in animal-feed workers and in fur-farm workers
· Exposure to carcinogenic afflatoxins (causing primary liver cancer), in animal-feed workers
· Acute health effects caused by various flea-control products used by animal handlers
· Increased risk of laboratory-acquired HFRS (hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome) caused by dogs in contact with infected rodents
· Occupational eczemas and contact dermatitis
· Increased risk of developing chronic lymphatic leukemia (CLL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in the pet grooming occupation
· Various septic infections
· Musculoskeletal problems (particularly with hands, wrist, forearms, back and knees).
. See - Risks on reproductive health
· Job dissatisfaction related to the working environment (dirt, smells, etc.) and the physical demands of the work
· Exposure to attacks from aggressive pet dogs.
· Exposure to violence on the part of extremist groups (claiming to be "struggling for animals' rights", etc.)
· Danger of developing addiction to drugs, facilitated by easy availability of animal medications.
Preventive Protective Measures
Wearing eye or face protection; protects the practitioner eyes from chemical pesticide and medicated shampoo splashes.
Protecting hands with exam, bathing and/or chemical-resistant gloves prevents the - Daily exposures and skin absorption of Product Chemicals, Medicated shampoos and animal coat and hair contaminates. Proper hand protection also reduces risk of allergenic reactions and pesticide and product chemical interaction with animal care workers prescription medications. (Optional - latex-free exam and bathing gloves should be provided for workers with dangerous latex reactions.)
Hearing Protection prevents hearing loss but also noise fatigue.
Noise levels caused by  barking dogs and grooming equipment can exceed OSHA's Standards for acceptable and safe working condition.
Avoid contact with un-vaccinated, sick animals and animal fluids and waste; apply health, sanitation policies establish precautions for safe handling and disposal of biohazards. Advise immune compromised workers about potential occupational health risks.
Wear a Dust masks to avoid long term work exposures from inhalation of animal dander and hair particles. Use appropriate Respirators to avoid inhalation of gases resulting from chemical reactions of cleaning solution and other materials and product aerosol fumes.
Personal protective repository devices should be enhanced and supported by acceptable facility air filtration and ventilation systems.
Train employees how to safely recognize and properly respond humanely to a dogs fearful, aggressive, and difficult behavior; provide and use (PPE) - safety muzzles and applying humane restraints and behavior modification training controls. Behavioral training and conditioning a dog to be cooperative during grooming procedures is an important and necessary training skill required of pet grooming practitioners. Starting puppies off early.......
Specialized Information
Synonyms:  Groomer; Animal groomer; Pet groomer; Dog groomer; Pet stylist; etc.
Supportive:  grooming assistants; bathers; brushers
Primary equipment used
Type and variety of tools and equipment is dependent on the specific breed of dog to be groomed or taken care of and the type of premises where it is housed. Some general types of equipment commonly used are the following:  cleaning, disinfecting, spraying or sterilizing equipment; general grooming equipment and tools - uses for bathing, shampooing, drying and trimming, shaving, cutting a dogs coat and hair; holding cages including safety tethers restraints and control equipment; such as holding cages, leashes, collars, harnesses, grooming and bathing safety tethers restraints etc; animal lifting equipment such as Hydraulic grooming tables.
Workplaces where the occupation is common
Pet Grooming is preformed in: (home business grooming shops <- not recommended), commercial business grooming shops, Mobile grooming vehicles and by some practitioners in the individual pet owners home, as well as in pet shops; kennels; animal-shelters and Veterinary clinics.
Notes; Home businesses - pet grooming practices located in a practitioners residential home where humans sleep and eat are especially vulnerable to hazards inherent in a pet grooming practice.
It is not the authors intention to judge a home pet grooming business that may be currently performing a valuable pet grooming service from a home residence, but instead, the authors intent is to discourage home pet grooming business through the information made available here about the hazards of the occupation of pet grooming.
References to New Links - Zoonosis Alerts & Links.
Health Pet - CDC
Occupational Use of Flea-Control Products
Do Pesticides Cause Lymphoma? 
Tick-borne Infectious Disease Information
* New Disease " DOG FLU" - LINKS - MSN - YAHOO - GOOGLE
This information has been Authored and where necessary Health and Safety research data has been compiled by L. Richard and Pamela C. Neely - GROOMOLOGIST®; owners of Yuppie Puppy Studios, and the former Director and Instructors of Yuppie Puppy Studios, K 9 GROOMOLOGY® School.
It should be understood little specific information, medical data  is available on the health risks and safety hazards or their affects on pet grooming practitioners.      
Dog ownership in of itself has little risk and can be very beneficial to pet owners health and well being if; pets are vaccinated regularly and their grooming and hygiene is maintained, but pet grooming practitioners exposures due to the number of animals allowed to visit pet grooming facilities that have no Health Safety and Sanitation  policies, program requirements and require no proof of vaccinations, does present a zoononic hazard to other pets and grooming practitioners. Pet grooming  businesses located in home environments. Home pet grooming businesses may jeopardize family members health. Necessary rules and regulations needed for this occupation will only come from State licensing of professional pet grooming individuals (groomers), their pet grooming facilities, and better enforcement of current local codes and ordinances.
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Copyright © 2005 L Richard Neely, Yuppie Puppy Studios
All Rights Reserved
Updated - 2016

· Animal allergies including: occupational asthma, allergic alveolitis, bronchitis, pneumonitis, rhinitis, skin rashes, etc.) and diseases of the airways caused by inhalation of animal-coat debris, containing various chemicals and microorganisms and their spores, animal hair and dander (causing groomers lung), exposure to animal feces parasites and diseases etc.
The Back Pains of Pet Grooming - iea.cc <http://www.iea.cc/congress/2015/137.pdf>